How to Unzip a GZ File in Windows: 3 Ways

Gzip is the compression algorithm, reducing the file size while still keeping the original file mode, ownership, and time stamps. A file compressed using the gzip algorithm will usually end in the file extension .gz or sometimes just .z. Since .tar.gz compresses multiple files all at once, it can take advantage of similarities between individual files to save on space.

  1. The original file is deleted, leaving only the compressed version annual-profit.xlsx.gz.
  2. ” The answer is yes, we can simply use the “-d” flag to decompress a file in another directory.
  3. A file compressed using the gzip algorithm will usually end in the file extension .gz or sometimes just .z.

Now that we know what gz files are, let’s look into ways of unzipping or opening them. Since after all, it’s only after decompression that the files are of any use or not. Also since we are looking at gz files which are under the GNU umbrella, opening these files on Linux is really easy to do and with a lot of options to choose from. That said, even if you are on another system, you will still be able to open these files, just the methods will be different. GZ files are compressed files that typically contain multiple files and/or folders.

” The answer is yes, we can simply use the “-d” flag to decompress a file in another directory. Let’s dive into this article, where we’ll delve into the usage of the “gunzip” command with examples in Linux. If you choose .zip, the compressed file will be easy to open on any operating system. You can also choose .tar.xz or .7z, but these will require the right software on Windows or Mac computers.

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Otherwise, keep reading to learn how to unzip .tar.gz files in Linux, macOS, and Windows. But with .zip being the easier of the two to use, why use .tar in the first place? As we’ll see in the next section, .tar comes with a few extra features that make it the better compression format for certain files and applications. However, gzip custom machine learning and ai solutions development does have one drawback it can’t really compress multiple files at once, so we need to use gzip along with tar if we want to compress multiple files. After reading this article, you know how to extract or unzip .tar.gz file in Linux using different methods and tools. “Can we decompress files directly into another directory or location?

Unlike Windows’ convenient graphical user interface (GUI) for unzipping .zip files, you’ll need to use the tar utility through the command line. However, there are also many third-party tools you can install for a more user-friendly experience. It’s often useful to list the contents of a .tar.gz file bitcoin mining farm uk without having to unzip the entire archive. The tar command also provides support for extracting only specific files or directories from a .tar.gz file. Simply add a space-separated list of the files you want to extract. In this guide, you will learn how to extract or unzip .tar.gz files in Linux.

To access the files inside, you’ll need to extract them similar to how you’d unzip a ZIP file. This wikiHow article will teach you how to extract files from compressed GZ archives on Windows, Mac, Linux, iPhone, and iPad. Knowing how to extract .gz and tar.gz files might be the most important task you need. However, it’s also important to know how to create these archives and/or compressed files in the first place. While every tar.gz file is a .tar archive, not every .gz is a .tar file. The .gz extension represents the gzip compression format, which can be applied to almost any file format to compress data and save space.

Is .tar.gz The Same As .zip?

As a result, one isn’t necessarily better than the other — it’s all a matter of application. For sending and storing, both .zip and .tar.gz files will allow you to send relatively large packages as a single file. However, there are some pretty major differences when it comes to accessing data within the files and the compression efficiency. To address this situation, the “gunzip” command provides the “-f” or “–force” flag, which empowers you to forcefully decompress the file with a “.gz” extension. At times, you may need to decompress multiple files all at once by specifying the names of the .gz files you intend to decompress.

How to Unzip Gzip File to Standard Output

If you want to keep the original file after compression, there are two options. The first is the -k option, and the other uses the -c option to output the compressed file to a different file, preserving the original. A “.tar” file is a collection of files compressed into a single file or archive. Short for “Tape ARchive,” the name “TAR” is a throwback to when files were stored on magnetic tape drives. A user-friendly way to extract files from a .tar.gz archive is via a Graphical User Interface (GUI).

From videos to entire software packages, many files are compressed and stored using the .tar.gz format. While extracting a .tar.gz file isn’t quite as easy as unzipping a .zip, it’s still pretty straightforward. Consider a scenario where you want to send a compressed file to your friend and keep the decompressed file for yourself or vice versa. In either case, the objective is to retain both versions of the file in your system. For this purpose, the “gunzip” command offers the “-k” option. The Option/Flag is used to change the conduct of the command whereas File is the representation of the input files that need to be decompressed.

During this process, the compressed file is seamlessly replaced with its uncompressed version. While Gunzip can even compress a file or directory, it is primarily renowned for its proficiency in decompression tasks. If you want to interact with these files, you’ll need to know how to extract a GZ file in Linux—here’s how. This error occurs if you try to java developer job description decompress a file without specifying a decompression utility, specifically -z for gzip. Where commands have little (if any) room for typos or omissions, many common errors are the result of small mistakes, misspellings, or incorrect formats. Thankfully, unless you’re somehow missing your tar or gzip utility, most common errors are very easy to fix.

The command automatically determines what sort of compression was used, and extracts the archive into the current working directory. In this example, the user tried to extract the file titled “FILE” from filename.tar.gz. However, tar was unable to find FILE within .tar.gz, meaning that the user either misspelled the name or that the file simply doesn’t exist in filename.tar.gz. Another common cause of errors is case sensitivity, where Linux treats “FILE” and “file” as two separate entities. Some third-party tools also offer extended flexibility for converting between file types‌, saving more time if you want to change between compression formats.

This command will effectively decompress the file “forceFile.gz” to “forceFile“, even if an existing “forceFile” file is present on your system. If you want to archive and compress multiple directories and/or files, control-click the ones you need to back up, then right-click and choose Compress. The command extracts files to a new directory called example1, which is located in the current directory. By following these steps, you should now be able to extract GZ files in whatever manner you find useful.

Extract Files to the Current Directory

Generally speaking, a collection of files archived and compressed as a .tar.gz will be more space-efficient (i.e., smaller) than the same collection compressed as a .zip. You can open most .tar.gz files using the tar command built in to Linux, macOS, and Windows 10. If you’re not comfortable with the terminal or command line, third-party tools such as 7-Zip offer a more user-friendly alternative. It’s easy to get confused when navigating between .tar, .tar.gz, and .gz – not to mention zipping and unzipping them. Here are a few frequently asked questions we commonly hear from users working with .tar.gz files. If the command line isn’t your thing, there are plenty of user-friendly tools available to unzip tar.gz files.

Ideally, you should be decompressing it before and then you might be able to get its details. The archive manager gives you more options, but most of the time you’ll want to use Extract Here or Extract to. Jean-loup Gailly and Mark Adler developed gzip for the GNU project as a replacement for compress. Unisys and IBM patents covered the LZW algorithm compress used. You can also use –wildcards to extract all files with a certain extension or name.

In Gnome’s Files application, just right-click the file you want to zip and click Compress. You’ll need to know how to open GZ files in Linux at some point. Similar to the previous error, this error occurs when an archive was saved as a .tar despite not being a .tar archive. To access the Windows command line, search for “command prompt” or “cmd” in the search bar. Right-click the first result and select the “Run as administrator” option. You can also add the verbose output option (-v) to provide detailed listings, including dates, securities/permissions, and more.

Thankfully, you don’t need to be a 1960s computer technician to use and extract .tar files – nor do modern .tar files even have anything to do with old computers. Many use GZ archives to share files, and in this guide, we’ll show you how to unzip GZ file on Windows. This will decompress the file “file.gz” in the “~/to/Ubuntu/Mint/directory” directory.