Researchers Identify Alcoholism Subtypes National Institutes of Health NIH

For others, external opportunities, such as a worker’s payday or sailor’s shore leave, govern the periodicity of inebriety. Intervals of intense nervous irritability and depression commonly precede the drinking periods. Periodic inebriety often takes the form of temporary insanity, in which the drinker’s behavior is characterized by mania, violence, or impulsive criminal behavior. The young adult alcoholic may not seek help for their problematic drinking, as drinking to excess at this age is often considered “normal” and part of a phase of life.

On average, they drink about 143 days each year, and they typically consume five or more drinks at a time. Few seek help for their drinking, but when they do, they gravitate toward 12-step groups as opposed to private treatment. While approximately 15 million American adults suffer from alcohol use disorder, fewer than 1 in 10 typically seek treatment for addiction. Five 5 types of alcoholics exist, and the type can influence whether or not people choose to seek treatment for their addiction. It also can determine whether a certain type of treatment will be more effective than another. Many young antisocial alcoholics also have other substance use disorders, including addiction to cigarettes, marijuana, and opiates.

The Intermediate Familial Alcoholic

Today, there are so many nonalcoholic beers, it’s hard to even know where to start. Census Bureau’s monthly retail sales survey, December sales at such retailers were 37% above the average for the other 11 months of the year. Conversely, January and February are typically the slowest months for those sellers.

  • Before we dive into the different types of alcoholics, let’s first establish what actually defines an alcoholic.
  • It should not be used in place of the advice of your physician or other qualified healthcare providers.
  • Depression and mood disorders commonly co-occur with alcohol abuse and can increase a person’s vulnerability to addiction.
  • More than 50% of this group have traits of antisocial personality disorder.

When subcategories were created, it progressed diagnostic methods as no two types of alcohol dependency are the same. Due consideration to the cause including social, environmental or even genetic factors all aid potential treatment and choosing between inpatient and outpatient alcohol treatment centers. M. Jellinek created the first scientific typology which referred to alcoholism as a disease, but, these have since evolved.

Getting Help for All Types of Alcoholism

Someone who is considered a functional alcoholic may lead a kind of double life, compartmentalizing their drinking from the rest of their life. This subtype of alcoholics is generally in their mid-20s and started drinking young. Early episodes of binge and heavy drinking (binge drinking on five or more days in the same month) can elevate the risk for struggling with alcohol-related issues later in life.

types of alcoholics